Posted in Economy, History, Life, MALAYSIA, Pahang, Travel

Bukit Ibam Mine – Iron Ore Treatment Plant [Part 1]

Picture15Power station control Panel

Picture16Feeding Ore into the primary crusher

Picture17Primary crusher jaws

Picture18Conveyor to Fines stockpile

Picture19The photo shows the filled train leaving for the coast at Tanjong Tengku

Picture20The Photo shows the ore train trucks being loaded

Picture21The photo shows the train loading bin

Picture22​Train loading bin

Picture23A view of the stockpile with workshop/treatmet plant  at the rear

Picture24Conveyor to lump stockpile

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Posted in Economy, History, Life, MALAYSIA, Pahang

Rompin Mining Co. – Tanjong Tengku Installation

Picture1Ore Wagon dumping bin

These photographs are of the Coastal operations at Tanjong Tengku from where the iron ore was carried by lighter to the ships anchored offshore.

It was not possible to load directly into the ships because of the shallow water at the loading jetty. At low tide, there was only 1.5 metres draught over the sandbar offshore, therefore the ore had to be lightered over the sandbar to the ships laying out in deeper water offshore.

Picture2Conveyor from feeder belt under the dumping bin

Picture3Iron Ore stockpiles at Tanjong Tengku

Picture4Stacking incoming iron ore from the train dumping bin

Picture5Lighters full of iron ore

Picture6Loading lighters with iron ore

Picture7Tug boats pulling lighters to the ship.​

Picture8Tug boat returning empty lighter to shore​

Picture9Stockpiles of Iron Ore at Tanjong Tengku

Picture10Tugs, Lighters, and ships at sea off Tanjong Tengku

Picture11Tanjong Tengku beach with Kuala Rompin across the estuary

Picture12Lighter awaiting loading at jetty​

Picture13Loading iron ore onto lighters to deliver to ship​

Picture14Rompin Mining / Eastern stevedoring office at Tanjong Tengku​​​

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Posted in Economy, History, Life, MALAYSIA, Pahang, Travel

Construction Power Station Bukit Ibam

Construction of Workshop/Office/Power station Bukit Ibam 1961-1962.

Picture6aPicture7aPhoto above shows the newly constructed building with the main workshop situated at the left hand side, the Iron Ore Treatment plant in the centre area, and the new Power Staion in the right hand section of the building.

Picture8a

Photos’ above and below shows the Electrical Linesmen building the HT Power line from the new Power Station to the Mine office and housing area in 1962.

Picture9aPicture10a

Photos’ above and below show the construction of the new Power Station at the right hand end of the main workshop/ Iron Ore treatment plant building.

Picture11aPicture12aPicture13aThe photo shows the original temporary Power Station at Bukit Ibam during the early days prior to the new Power Station going on-line in 1962.

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Posted in Economy, History, Life, MALAYSIA, Pahang

Installation of the VHF Radio-Telephone at Bukit Ibam in 1961

Here are some historical photographs on Installation of the VHF Radio-Telephone by Malayan Telecoms at Bukit Ibam in 1961

With the VHF connection we were no longer isolated from the rest of the world except by the 50 mile railway, and it provided some peace of mind to handle any possible disasters and emergencies which can occur in potentially dangerous  mining operations.

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Posted in Economy, History, Life, MALAYSIA, Pahang, Tourism, Travel

Bukit Ibam Mine: Transporting supplies and equipments from the coast to Bukit Ibam in 1961/1962

Picture18a
Before the railway line completed all supplies and equipments have to be transported through river

Picture19a
The craft on the Rompin River bringing equipment to Kampong Aur from where it was hauled by Skids behind Bulldozers to the Mine site in 1961.

Picture20a
The first “B” Rocker delivered by rail to Bukit Ibam in 1962.

The distance by river from Kuala Rompin to Kampong Aur was a “Winding” 120 miles, so we were pleased when the railway reached Bukit Ibam and we could bring the Treatment Plant machinery from the coast directly to the Mine by the 50 mile railway.

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Posted in Economy, History, Life, MALAYSIA, Pahang, Tourism, Travel

$100 mil. vote of confidence at Rompin

1962 Aug 26
The Sunday Mail – 26 August 1962

An example of the important role which private enterprise is playing in the development of independent Malaya is the official opening last month of the $100 million Rompin Iron Mine at Bukit Ibam in South Pahang.

It represents the biggest single capital investment in this country since Merdeka.

It is also the largest industrial development project in the history of Pahang.

At a time when rural and industrial development is essential for the future of Malaya, the opening of a mine of such proportions as Rompin is a major contribution to national progress.

1962 Aug 26-2

JOBS OFFERED

For the Mine offers steady employment for hundreds of fishermen who formerly depended on the sea for a hand- to- mouth livelihood.

Also, the significance of the 50 mile railroad built by this company – it cost $20 Million- to connect the Mine with the coastal town of Kuala Rompin cannot be underestimated,

It has opened up an isolated part of Pahang, bringing a better life to hundreds of people hitherto living in wilderness.

Now they can get the products of civilisation without inconvenience.

Like the railway from the mining town of Sungei Lembing to the jetty at Pasir Kemudi, on the Kuantan river, the new line will attract settlers and encourage rural development.

SAND TRACK

To get to from Kuantan to the Mine, one has to go to Pekan by car, then take the 40 mile sand track by Land Rover to Kuala Rompin, thence by the railway to Bukit Ibam.

As the Rompin Mining Companys’ train chugged along at less than 20 miles an hour, it is difficult to imagine the tremendous amount of hard work that has been put in to build the line.

The railway was laid in just under 20 months – over soft coastal sands, through swamps, hills and thick jungles.

It crosses no less than 400 bridges and culverts. A thousand men and nine engineers under Mr G.M.Wheat, a former General Manager of Malayan railway carried out the construction project, explained Mr J.N.McHugh, General Manager of the company.

“The railway was a vital link. Without it, heavy plant and equipment could not have been brought and assembled in time “.

The completion of the line in 20 months was an engineering feat.

ROWS OF HOUSES

There was only one fatality during the whole operation. This occurred when a man was crushed by a tree he was felling.

Two hours and a half after leaving Kuala Rompin, the visitor is greeted by a panorama which in the morning mist appears like a mirage.

As he gets nearer he can see rows of neatly built houses, a giant iron ore procesing plant, a sawmill, and scores of other buildings.

The sound of shunting wagons can be heard distinctly.

And all around this scene of activity is the thick lush jungle.

The story of Bukit Ibam is one of guts and determination.

Prospecting started in 1952 at the height of the Emergency.

Attacks by wild animals,jungle illness and terrorist bullets were the dangers the prospectors faced.

From this pioneering work, Bukit Ibam developed into a thriving centre. Perhaps in ten years it will grow to the size of Dungun in Trengganu, which owes it’s progress to the Bukit Besi Iron mine.

1,400 WORKERS

Kuala Rompin has benefitted immensely from the opening of the Bukit Ibam mine. From a cluster of huts, it has grown into a busy township.

The Rompin mine has 1,400 workers on it’s payroll, — 60 per cent of them Malays.

It has an administration staff of 200 plus 50 Senior Officers, including Australians and Americans.

Several dozen families have already moved to Bukit Ibam. More will join the menlolk as more houses are completed.

Very soon this former jungle wilderness will be home for 6,000 people — a splendid example of progress in modern Malaya.

The Mine’s 58 acres are estimated to contain 20 million tons of high grade iron ore. There is another 20 million tons in the surrounding areas.

Only25 miles from Bukit Ibam is the site of the Bera “find” made by members of the Geological Survey Department. Bera is estimated to have 10 million tons of iron ore.

If the Rompin Mining Company gets the rights to this new iron ore fileld, all it has to do is to push it’s railway further on and then start mining operations.

The company has already spent $100 million on it’s present project, including construction of coastal installations at Kuala Rompin and purchase of tugs and lighters to take the ore to ships.

The present iron ore deposits are expected to keep the mine going for about 15 years. Mr McHugh said it was the company’s aim to develop to the fullest possible capacity all iron ore in the region.

Owing to the Japanese restriction on imports of Malayan iron ore, the Rompin Mining Company can export only one million tons this year.

“We must — and this is equally in the interests of the State of Pahang, increase our export to at least four million tons a year as soon as Japan’s recovery from her temporary economic setback permits increased sales of iron ore” said Mr McHugh.

BIG SHOCK

The decision of Japanese steel mills to impose a drastic reduction in the tonnage of ore to be imported from Malaya this year came as a severe shock to the company.

This unexpected situation had caused a severe reduction of the finance available this year and limited very severely the programme of work it had planned.

Mr McHugh added that with an investment of this size and with a railway capable of handling about six million tons a year, it would be evident that to haul only a million  or a million and a half tons a year was uneconomic.

Mr McHugh even envisaged the possibility of the company’s railway being used one day to link the new port of Kuala Rompin with the Malayan Railway system.

The two lines are of the same gauge.

He acknowledged the help wich the Federation and Pahang governments gave to the company in the Rompin project. He said the Malayan police and security forces at the height of the Emergency provided the company’s jungle teams with armed guards.

AIR DROPS

They also assisted by arranging for supplies of food and other essentials by means of air drops. The Mines and Telecommunications departments also co-operated.

The installation of a VHF link at Bukit Ibam some years ago facilitated the geological investigation of the ore body

Mr McHugh mentioned the vision and drive of those responsible for the project.

They were determined to see this big venture realised in the face of extreme difficulties.

The technical and financial help given by Rompins’ parent company, the Eastern Mining and Metals Co. Ltd was most valuable.

It was EMMCO geologists and surveyors who pioneered the work in the early years. It was from EMMCO the company drew many of it’s Engineers’ and skilled workers.

ADVICE SOUGHT

Emmco’s experience in developing the Dungun mine and training of Malayans for the work had been the foundation of Rompin’s development.

Referring to the construction of the railway, Mr McHugh said the company sought advice in many countries.

It was found that there were few major contractors building railways today.

The best advice the company got was that it would take three years to build it’s meter gauge railway through the coastal swamps and jungle hills.

The company finally decided to do the work itself and brought modern equipment from America for the job.

Work was still continuing now to improve the cuttings and embankments.

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