Posted in Current Affair, Economy, Flora & Fauna, History, Life, MALAYSIA, Science & Technology

MR269; Malaysia New Padi Variety

MR 269

In conjunction with the launching of the Malaysian Agriculture, Horticulture and Agro-Tourism International Show (MAHA International 2012) and the National Farmers, Breeders and Fishermen Day 2012 at the Malaysian Agricultural Exposition Park Serdang (MAEPS), Malaysian Prime Minister, Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak, launched a new padi variety MR 269 on 24th November 2012.

MR 269; Malaysia’s New Padi Variety

MR 269 is a new variety which has a better resistance against the leaf blast disease and pests in order to boost Malaysia’s rice production.  It’s said that MR 269 is possible to produce 9.9 MT per hectare.

MR 269 variety was a new strain developed by Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI) which was suitable on land in the various rice bowl areas.

MR 269 rice

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Posted in Economy, Flora & Fauna, MALAYSIA, Science & Technology, Travel

Kenaf

Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) is a warm season, short-day, annual herbaceous plant originated from west Africa which has been cultivated since around 4000 B.C. Kenaf belongs to the Malvaceae, a family notable for both its economic and horticultural importance. In different parts of the world, kenaf has many other names such as mesta (India, Bengal), stockroot (south Africa), Java jute (Indonesia), and ambari (Taiwan), etc.

Kenaf has a high growth rate, rising to heights of 12-18 feet in about 4-5 month. Its yield of 6-10 tons (new varieties may reach 12 ton) of dry weight per acre per year are generally 3-5 times greater than the yield for Southern pine trees which can take from 7 years to reach harvestable size.

The fibers from kenaf can be classified into bast fibers which is about 35% the stalk dry weight and core fibers which comprises about 65% of the stalk dry weight.

Natural plant fibers are being increasingly used in manufacturing industrial products because of their renewable and biodegradable natures. Natural fiber-based products have been seen in industries like automotive, paper, construction, environmental cleaning, transforpation, and food, etc.

Following list some examples of products made from natural/kenaf plant fibers:
•  biofuel
•  paper pulp
•  automotile interior panels
•  composite with PP in polymer industry
•  fibreglass substitute
•  textile composite
•  animal bedding
•  particle board
•  industrial absorbent materials
•  soil-less potting mixes
•  animal forage
•  packing material
•  organic filler for plastics

Despite its commercial and environmental advantages, the kenaf paper industry is as yet undeveloped. Due to significant industry start-up costs, smaller economies of scale and government subsidies to the pulp, paper and timber industries, kenaf paper is more expensive than virgin wood-based papers.

The global demand for natural fibers is increasing due to a greater demand for cleaner and greener industrial products.  Companies like TOYOTA, NEC, and MATSUSHITA, to name just few – use Kenaf fibers in their advanced product lines.

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Posted in Science & Technology

Latest HONDA Runs on Hydrogen, not Petroleum

Latest Hinda runs on Hydrogen not petroleum

On Monday 16 June 2008, Honda Motor celebrated the start of production of its FCX Clarity, the world’s first hydrogen-powered fuel-cell vehicle intended for mass production. In a ceremony at a factory an hour north of Tokyo, the first assembly-line FCX Clarity rolled out to the applause of hundreds of Honda employees wearing white jump suits.

Honda will make just 200 of the futuristic vehicles over the next three years, but said it eventually planned to increase production volumes, especially as hydrogen filling stations became more common……

Latest HONDA runs on hydrogen not petroleum

Read more here….. Latest Honda runs on hydrogen not petroleum

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Posted in Economy, Koulikoro, MALI, Science & Technology

Farmers in Mali benefited from Jatropha Curcas Planting

Jatropha Curcas Planting

Suleiman Diarra Banani is now growing Jatropha Curcas on his family farm in Koulikoro, Mali

  

Farmers in Koulikoro, Mali could double their income by involves in Jatropha Curcas planting scheme.  A plant called Jatropha Curcas is being hailed by scientists and policy makers as a potentially ideal source of biofuel.  By planting a row of Jatropha Curcas for every seven rows of regular crops, the farmers could double his income on the field in the first year and lose none of their usual yield from his field.

 

Jatropha Curcas PlantingOne the farmers participated in this scheme is Suleiman Diarra Banani.  His relative said that the poisonous black seeds dropping from the seemingly worthless weed that had grown around his family farm for decades now could be used to run a generator, or even a car.  Until now Jatropha Curcas plant used as a natural fence between rows of their regular crops — edible millet, peanuts, corn and beans.

 

Countries like India, China, the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia are starting huge plantations, betting that Jatropha will help them to become more energy independent and even export biofuel.

 

                   Jatropha Curcas Planting     Jatropha Curcas Planting

 

But here in Mali, one of the poorest nations on earth, a number of small-scale projects aimed at solving local problems — the lack of electricity and rural poverty.

 

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Posted in MALI, Science & Technology

Production of biofuels: ALTERNATIVE JATROPHA CURCAS (POURGHÉRE/JARAK PAGAR)

Jatropha Curcas

 In the current context of the gradual rise in oil prices in the international market, developing countries, particularly non-oil producing, are looking for new alternatives.

 

However in Mali, even considered as the undeveloping countries in the world make new head again.  The new production of biodiesel has just opened its doors in the town of Méguétan in Koulikoro region.

Mali Jatophra

Biodiesel can be used for all cars that use diesel without risk to the engine

In Mali, the Jatropha Curcas/Pourghère/Jarak Pagar, a plant that grows well, provides great opportunities just waiting to be exploited for biodiesel. And many businessmen are beginning to show interest. L’essor reported on 19 March 2008 that the first treatment plant of Jatropha Curcas in Koulikoro, Mali was offically open on 18 February 2008 by President of the National Assembly, Dioncounda Traore.

The promoter of the ventures the company call “Mali Biocarburant SA”, the result of cooperation between Mali and Netherlands with a capital of 10 million CFA francs. The objective of the company according to its General Manager, Hugo Verkuijl is clear. “Apart from the profit, our work is part of the fight against poverty. Our ambition is local production, extraction local consumption. Must first meet local needs, create jobs . Eventually, we plan to create decentralized units of biodiesel in all regions of Mali”. 

Epilogue:  Effective by 15th April 2008, the fuels prices increased as announced by the government.  The new price are as follows:- 

  1. Supercaburant :                     635 Fcfa/litre (0.97 Euro/litre)
  2. Pétrole lampant :                   460 Fcfa/litre
  3. Gas-oil :                               555 Fcfa/litre
  4. Distillat Diesel-oil (DDO) :        555 Fcfa/litre
  5. Fuel oil :                              365 Fcfa/litre
  6. Gaz butane :                         859 Fcfa/litre

 

Now it is very clear that we needs the alternative fuels to overcome every ever increases of petroleum price and it diminish.   Concerted effort must be formed to spearhead for the alternative, biofuels.  Go green.

 

Posted in Life, MALI, Science & Technology

Mali : Jatropha Oil Lights Up Villages

In Mali, as reported by World Wacth Institute, about 700 villages have enjoyed usage of Jatropha Oil to provide electricity for lighting homes, running water pumps and grain mills, and other critical uses.

Jatropha Curcas Plant
 
In Mali where price of diesel is about FCFA545 (USD1.15) per liter, it is very costly to transport to thee remote area and unaffordable for majority of the nation.
 
Jatropha can be grown on barren land, requires little care, and can help prevent erosion, it is more likely to complement than compete with food crops; a common concern with many biofuels.

 Just wonder whether our biodiesel research and development in palm oil and other renewable enegery sources has reach the advance stage, where consumer and nation could have benefitted from.  Eventhough Mali categorised as one of the poorest countries in the world have advance enough for the people in Solar and Renewable Energy program, with helps from international companies.