Steung Traeng (also Stoeng Treng) is a small town in northeastern Cambodia. Steung Traeng – is the capital of Steung Traeng Province. It is located in the western part of the Virachey National Park. It is the major city (and capital) of both the district and province and has a population of 29,665 people.
Steung Traeng is located on a high sandy bank overlooking the Mekong River, where it is joined by the Sekong river. It lies along the National Highway 7, about 455 km from Phnom Penh and 50 km south of the Laos border. A bridge connects the city to the other side of the Sekong river while ferry is the mode of transport to cross Mekong river.
The population is made up of a mix of Khmer and Lao peoples. The city is served by Steung Traeng Airport, but currently there are no regular commercial services.
Steung Traeng was first a part of the Khmer Empire, then the Lao kingdom of Lan Xang and later the Lao kingdom of Champassack. The province was ceded back to Cambodia during the period of French Indochina, in 1904. Its name in Laotian is “Xieng Teng”. Owing to its border location and forested mountain areas in the northeast of the province, there was much communist guerrilla activity in Steung Traeng during Cambodia’s recent past. The insurgency lasted from the Vietnamese infiltration in the 1950s until the late Khmer Rouge years.
Steung Traeng is located in the Norhteast of Cambodia. Steung Traeng province borders with Lao to the north, Ratanakiri to the east, Preah Vihear to the west and Kratie and Kompong Thom to the south. The area of the province is 11,092 square kilometres. The topography is mostly upland forested areas. The province is bisected by the Mekong River and its tributaries. Steung Traeng is classified as a rural province. The province is divided into 5 districts (Sesan, Siem Bouk, Siem Pang, Steung Traeng, and Thala Barivat), 34 communes and 128 villages. Population of Steung Traeng constitutes just 0.7% of Cambodia’s population. The population density is 7 people per square kilometre, which is nine times less than the national density. There are 54,488 male and 55,217 female with a total of 109,705 persons.
What to see in Steung Traeng?
Hang Kho Ba Pagoda is the cultural and historical site, located at Hang Kho Ba Village, Hang Kho Commune, Steung Treng District in six kilometre distance from the provincial town by the road to the airport, then turning left across the Sekong river. The pagoda of Hang Kho Ba is over 300 years.
Fresh water dolphin – opportunity to see critically endangered Mekong River Dolphins, live mainly in the rivers and waterways of Kratie and Steung Traeng provinces. The number of these mammals is estimated to be between 40 and 60 and they are often seen travelling in small groups of 6 to 10 individuals.
Mekong River Trip to Laos – The Mekong River between Stung Treng and the Laos border is very light on population and heavy on beautiful scenery. Boulder outcroppings, numerous sets of rapids, swirling pothole currents, wide sweeping stretches of river and forested landscape along the banks all await the boat traveller. It makes for a great trip, either for the traveller that wants to continue on to Laos or for those wanting to enjoy a wild stretch of the Mekong in Cambodia.
Ou Pong Moan Resort is the natural and man-made resort which locates at Pong Moan village, Ou Pong Moan Commune, Steung Traeng District in nine kilometre distance
Phnom Preah Theat is located in Thmey Village and Commune, about 2 kilometres from provincial town. It is a Nature Wildlife and Preserves.
Preah Ko Temple – the first temple to be built in the ancient and now defunct city of Hariharalaya (in the area that today is called Roluos), some 15 kilometres south-east of the main group of temples at Angkor, Cambodia.
Pream Buorn Lveng Temple – The location of the Pream Buorn Lveng Temple, is amidst the fine environment of the Kang de Sor Village.
Thala Barivat Resort is located at Thala Barivat district in 4 kilometres distance from the provincial town.
Wildlife – Cambodia is home to some of the most significant populations of mammalian wildlife in Asia. Endangered species such as leopards, tigers, bantams, gaur, barking deer and the near-extinct Kouprey the Kingdom’s national animal and the world’s rarest large mammal have been sighted off the beaten path. In addition, wild elephants still roam remote pristine forests and monkeys and snakes abound in mountainous areas.