MMM's "Everything is Possible"

… … … life trail of a wanderer

MALI – Aw Bissimila

Prologue

Aw Bissimila  Bienvenue  Welcome

Welcome to Republic of Mali. 

 

Malian are very friendly people and have high hospitalityOnce you exit from the arrival hall, you will be approached by many people. These people will offer you to buy prepaid mobile phone’s SIM card or for currency exchange, or offer helps to carry your luggage, or to offer you accommodation and hotel or to provide transport to the city of Bamako.

 

Then you will notice of this monument of hospitality that welcomes you.

  Mali Aw Bissimila

Monument a l’hospitalite

You need not to worry about your family as you would able to contact them easily.  Orange (before known as Ikatel) is one of  the mobile phone and internet provider.  The other one is Malitel.

Mali Aw Bissimila

The biggest Orange’s billboard in Mali also welcomes you

Remember; Mali, land of welcome and hospitality.  Mali is GOLD COUNTRY

 Mali Aw Bissimila 

Welcome to Gold Country

History

 

Mali, officially the Republic of Mali    (French: République du Mali), is a landlocked country in Western Africa. It is the seventh largest country in Africa.  It borders Algeria on the north, Niger on the east, Burkina Faso and the Côte d’Ivoire on the south, Guinea on the south-west, and Senegal and Mauritania on the west.  Its straight borders on the north stretch into the centre of the Sahara, while in the south, where the majority of inhabitants live, features the Niger and Senegal rivers.

 

  Mali Aw Bissimila

Map of Mali

The area of present-day Mali was once part of three West African empires that controlled trans-Saharan trade: the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire (from which Mali takes its name), and the Songhai Empire. In the late 1800s, Mali fell under French control, becoming part of French Sudan.

Mali Aw BissimilaThe Sudanese Republic and Senegal became independent of France in 1960 as the Mali Federation on 20th June 1960. Following the withdrawal of Senegal from the federation in August 1960, the Sudanese Republic became the independent nation of Mali on 22nd September 1960, with Modibo Keïta as president.  

  

The name of the country, Mali comes from the Bambara word for hippopotamus, the name of its capital city, Bamako comes from the Bambara word meaning “place of crocodiles“.

 

Geography.

Mali is the world’s 24th-largest country at total area of 1.24 million sq km (compared to Malaysia; 329,750 sq km).  Total land area is 1.22 million sq km and the balance of 20,000 sq km is water area.

Mali climate ranges from subtropical in the south to arid in the north.  Hot and dry season between February to June; and rainy, humid, and mild season in June to November; cool and dry season during November to February.

Terrain – mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna in south, rugged hills in northeast.  Mali’s landscape is impressingly diverse and beautiful: plains, plateaux and cliffs, and the immensely vast desert.

Natural Resources – gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, gypsum, granite, hydropower.  Recently Mali concentrate in exploring of petroleum, which known of its existence since 1970’s.  Note: bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits are known but not exploited.

Region and Cercles

Mali is divided into 8 regions (régions) and 1 district, and subdivided into 49 cercles, totalling 288 arrondissements.

Mali Aw Bissimila

Mali- Region’s map

The regions and district are:

  • Gao
  • Kayes
  • Kidal
  • Koulikoro
  • Mopti
  • Ségou
  • Sikasso
  • Tombouctou (Timbuktu)
  • Bamako (Capital special district)

Demography.

Mali Aw BissimilaMali‘s population is approximately 11,995,402 with an annual growth rate of 2.7% (July 2007 est.). Most Malians live in rural areas, with only 18 percent residing in urban centers. Major ethnic groups in Mali are the Mande (e.g., Bamana or Bambara, Jula, Malinke), who comprise 50 percent of the population; Peul or Fulbe, 17 percent; Voltaic, 12 percent (e.g. Bobo, Senufo, Minyanka); Tuareg and Moor, 10 percent; Songhai, 6 percent; and other, 5 percent.

Major languages: French, Bambara, Berber, Arabic

Major religions: Islam (90%), Christian (1%) and indigenous beliefs 9(%)

 Mali Aw Bissimila

Grand Mosque at Djenne

Economy

Mali is among the poorest countries in the world, with 65% of its land area desert or semidesert and with a highly unequal distribution of income. Economic activity is largely confined to the riverine area irrigated by the Niger. About 10% of the population is nomadic and some 80% of the labor force is engaged in farming and fishing.  Cotton, millet, rice, corn, vegetables, peanuts; cattle, sheep and goats are among major agriculture products.   The most productive agricultural area lies along the banks of the Niger River, the Inland Niger Delta and the southwestern region around Sikasso.

Industrial activity is concentrated on processing farm commodities and food processing. The other industry involves are in construction, phosphate and gold mining.  Mali is Africa’s third leading gold producer after world giants South Africa and Ghana.

GDP – per capita (PPP) is estimated at $1,200 (2007 est.) Mali is heavily dependent on foreign aid and vulnerable to fluctuations in world prices for cotton, its main export, along with gold.  Mali‘s great potential wealth lies in mining and the production of agricultural commodities and livestock.

There is West African currency union; Banque Centrale des États de l’Afrique de l’Ouest (BCEAO). 

Monetary unit:
1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes. 
Currently FCFA pegged to Euro at 1 Euro = 655 FCFA 

Politics and government

 

Mali is a constitutional democracy governed by the constitution which provides for a separation of powers among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government.  The system of government can be described as “semi-presidential’.

 

 

Executive power is vested in a president, who is elected to a five-year term by universal suffrage and is limited to two terms.  The president serves as chief of state and commander in chief of the armed forces.  A prime minister appointed by the president serves as head of government and in turn appoints the Council of Ministers.   The unicameral National Assembly is Mali’s sole legislative body, consisting of deputies elected to five-year terms.  The assembly holds two regular sessions each year, during which it debates and votes on legislation that has been submitted by a member or by the government.

 

Culture

 

Mali Aw BissimilaMalian musical traditions are derived from the griots or jalis The music of Mali is best known outside of Africa for the kora.   Though Mali’s literature is less famous than its music, Mali has always been one of Africa’s liveliest intellectual centers.  Mali’s literary tradition is largely oral, with jalis reciting or singing histories and stories from memory

The varied everyday culture of Malians reflects the country’s ethnic and geographic diversity.  Most Malians wear flowing, colorful robes called boubous that are typical of West Africa.

Mali Aw Bissimila

Rice and millet are the staples of Malian cuisine, which is heavily based on cereal grains.  Grains are generally prepared with sauces made from leaves such spinach or baobab leaves, with tomato, or with peanut sauce, and may be accompanied by pieces of grilled meat (typically chicken, mutton, beef, or goat).  Malian cuisine varies regionally.

The most popular sport in Mali is football.  Basketball is another major sport; the Mali women’s national basketball team is the only African basketball team competing at the 2008 Beijing Olympics.  Traditional wrestling (la lutte) is also somewhat common, though its popularity has declined in recent years.  The game wari, a mancala variant, is a common pastime.  *****

mamadou

 

20 responses to “MALI – Aw Bissimila

  1. Pingback: 2010 in review « MMM’s “Everything is Possible”

  2. Arianto Sam September 11, 2009 at 7:31 am

    amazing this mosque i wanna watching inside this mosque🙂
    Allahu Akbar!!

    from surabaya city – Indonesian

  3. mamadou June 1, 2009 at 9:42 am

    Assalamu’alaikum Brother Hassan

    French is widely spoken in Mali besides local dialect, Bambara. Songhai and Arabic are widely spoke in the northern region.
    There are many Islamic schools and colleges overhere.

    Thank you

  4. hassan June 1, 2009 at 6:23 am

    as salaamu alaykum

    what is the nationally spokewn laguage could someone only speaks arabic live there and what about islamic studies? please answer these questions

  5. mamadou March 4, 2009 at 1:31 am

    Hi. Alex

    Thank you for your interest and visit to my blog. I will respond to you soon

  6. Alexwebmaster March 3, 2009 at 9:35 am

    Hello webmaster
    I would like to share with you a link to your site
    write me here preonrelt@mail.ru

  7. mamadou May 9, 2008 at 3:43 pm

    Assalamua’alaikum khusus buat Anak buah Ayah Cik di Riyadh dan keluarga. Somoga anda dan keluarga sentiasa sihat dan di rahmati Allah.

    Thanks for your compliments. Me too, in the beginning very skeptical to start with. Eventhough blogging have been in my mind since early 2007. Since I have the time now, why not occupy its with something meaningful to ourself. Do not worry about what to write. It will comes later. May be you can visit blog of wife to my friend in Dubai. She is not working except recently. rumahriri.net…..may this inspire you and mind you, she has a large group of diaspora women bloggers around the world.

    May Allah will fulfill your wish soon. Salam to your family. Wassalam

  8. Anakbuah di Riyadh May 9, 2008 at 2:50 pm

    Assalamualaikum Aichik,

    Nice write-up, very informative. I wish I could do the same about Riyadh, but here I find it difficult as we can’t take pictures freely. You know how pictures can speak a thousand words. Furthermore, I’m stucked at home most of the time as ladies can’t drive. Only once in a while I go on the shopping bus provided by the compound where we live; usually only when necessary to do grocery. Not into shopping so much though in Saudi people say ‘shopping is an acceptable occupation’. There are so many modern & huge malls in Riyadh.

    Anyway, I wish I have the ‘gut’ to do open blogging like this. Since early this year, I have started blogging but to a specific group (ex-MRSM KT – accessible to those registered only). Still skeptical about the responses I would receive if my opinions go public; the unknowns.:)

    Anyway, keep up the good job Aichik. May be that will inspire me one day to follow your footsteps.

  9. mamadou May 7, 2008 at 12:01 pm

    Assalamu’alaikum.
    Pak Idrus. Thanks for your visit. Someone have said that Africa like women of 30 years old of age. A lot things to be explored and of course many opportunities to be grabed. Besides always potrayed as poorest continent and nation, behind them lies the great old civilisation. Insya’Allah I will continue. Thanks you

  10. Pak Idrus May 7, 2008 at 5:04 am

    mamadou, thanks for the write up of Mali. For me it is a refresh of history. Many who have not been to Africa are totally clueless of such country so article like this give a good insight of the country. Do keep us informed of the development of the African countries that you have visited. I have been to a few, so your article keep me up to date of the happening in this great continent. Have a nice day.

  11. mamadou May 4, 2008 at 12:55 pm

    Assalamu’alaikum Ummi

    Ya juga karung nak bawa balik…emasnya yang belum lagi. Mereka memang lah peramah. Kalau bercerita tu memang hebat. Salam mereka kalau kaum yang disebelah selatan ni memang berjela-jela. Mula mula pelik juga. Nantilah akan diceritakan nanti dalam salam ni

  12. mamadou May 4, 2008 at 12:48 pm

    Assalamu’alaikum Ayoh Awi

    Terima kasih kerana sudi membaca dan mengirimkan komen. Komen Ayoh Awi tu akan saya jadikan panduan untuk post saya akan datang. Maaf lambat beri response kerna saya mengembara selama 5 hari sempena cuti Hari Pekerja. Baru saja sampai kat rumah ni. Sementara tunggu waktu zohor bacalah email……

    Terima kasih

  13. mamadou May 4, 2008 at 12:45 pm

    Assalamu’alaikum Mad Jamal

    Alhamdulillah ada bertemu teman-teman. Lansud duduk dekat dengan rumah saya..kalau balik memang lah selalu bertemu minum teh……nantilah aku cari yang putih-putih untuk dia……..tapi mana ya kan kat sini gelap……

  14. Zawi May 4, 2008 at 12:55 am

    Mohamad,
    I reread your article with more care today. I really appreciate it. Care to write specifically on their food and whether we Malaysians can enjoy ther food without having to bring much food from home. Other than Egypt and South Africa, Mali is the next African Nation that I may want to visit should I have the oportunity.
    Thank you again for the good post.

  15. Zawi May 2, 2008 at 3:01 pm

    Mohamad,
    This is what we wanted to know about Malai. You did a good job to provide such informations. I will use this for future reference.Thank you my friend.

  16. ummi April 30, 2008 at 12:34 am

    ahlan wasahlan wamarhaban bikum……alhamdulillah…mesra rakyatlah nampaknya org sana ya…bila sama geng depa camtu jugak ke?

  17. ummi April 30, 2008 at 12:25 am

    alhamdulillah dah berkarung jugak dah bawak balik bukan aja karung emas,besi karat pun ada….pendek kata macam2 ada…kwn2 aje tak sempat nak bagitau…

  18. Mohamad AJ April 29, 2008 at 11:22 pm

    Betul juga kan. Mungkin kita boleh share pengalaman cam tu. Hidup dengan serba kesusahan membuat kita insaf dan bersyukur betapa mewah nya kita di negara Malaysia. Itu semua pengalaman hidup Mad. Aku ade jumpa Mazlan baru-baru ni kat Low Yat.. Hai berpeluk-pelukan la kami fasal lama tak jumpa. Aku tanya gak dah ada calon ke ? tapi dia kata masih mencari.. So kau tak de ke calon2 dari sana yang sesuai buat dia. Dia tu nampak aje gembira di luar tapi dalam hati tuhan aje yang tahu kan.

    Aku ade gak g umah Amran masa raya dulu. Aku rasa dia dah jadi tokeh besar…dan mungkin dah berpindah ke Johor Bahru.. Bawa Merz lagi Mad. Tulah di namakan rezeki ya Mad. Oklah nanti kita sembang lagi. Rajin2 la update blog hang tu .. Boleh aku tengok keadaan kau di sana. Take Care. Doa aku untuk agar senantiasa selamat…

  19. mamadou April 28, 2008 at 12:51 pm

    Assalamu’alaikum.

    Mad Jamal. Thanks for your visit. Niat hati memang nak bawa balik emas sebanyak mungkin. Mahu ke? Begini lah Mad, kena hidup merantau jadi pengembara. Kalau Mad ke negara2 maju, saya hanya ke negara miskin. Pengembaraan ini membuat pandangan saya tentang hidup lebih bermakna. Erti sebuah kehidupan itu lebih bermakna dikalangan mereka yang benar mengharapkan kehidupan itu sendiri.

    Terima kasih

  20. Mohamad AJ April 28, 2008 at 11:53 am

    Welcome to the world of blogging. Baru tau hang kat overseas. Ingat masih kat Jakarta. Wah lepas ni balik Malaysia berkarung-karung la emas kau bawa balik ye…

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